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Tadoba Forest

Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve was created vide Govt. of Maharashtra Notification No. WLP-1094/CR-225/F-1, dated 23/2/1995. The area of the Reserve is 625.40 sq. km. This includes Tadoba National Park, created in 1955 vide M.P. National Park Act 1955 Published in the M.P. Gazette (extraordinary) on 9th April, 1955 with an area of 116.55 sq. km. and Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary created vide Govt. of Maharashtra Notification No. WLP-1085/CR-75/F-(III) dated 25/2/1986 with an area of 508.85 sq. km. The Reserve is constituted with 577.84 sq. km. Reserve Forest, 32.51 sq. km. Protected Forest and with 14.93 sq. km. other areas.

It comprises of 91 compartments, which are organized into 3 Ranges, 10 Rounds and 34 Beats for purpose of administration and management.

Location and Topography
Longitude: 79° 47' 52” E to 79" to 56’ 43” East
Latitude: 19° 31' 40” N to 19" to 42’ 25” North
Weather and Temperature
Temperature: Minimum 47° c Maximum 6.7° c
Weather: Hot in March to May, Normal in June to October, Cool in November to February
Height: 188 M

The prominent forest sub-types existing in the Reserve areas have been classified, as follows.
    Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Teak Forests
    Dry Teak Bearing Forest-5A/C/i/V.

Tadoba Flora
Tadoba reserve is a predominantly Southern tropical Dry Deciduous Forest with dense woodlands comprising about 87 per cent of the protected area. Teak is the predominant tree species. Other deciduous trees include Ain (crocodile bark), Bija, Dhauda, Haldu, Salai, Semal and Tendu. beheda, hirda, karaya gum, mahua Madhuca (Crepe myrtle) and Lannea coramandelica (Wodier Tree) are other common species.
Axlewood Anogeissus latifolia is a fire-resistant species growing here. Palas or Flame of the Forest Butea monosperma adds vibrant color to the forest. Black plum trees grow in the riparian habitat around the lake. At the waterhole at Panchadhara, huge arjun trees are seen.
Patches of grasses are found throughout the reserve. Bamboo thickets grow throughout the reserve. The climber Kach Kujali (velvet bean) found here is a medicinal plant used to treat Parkinson's disease. The leaves of bheria are used as an insect repellant and bija is a medicinal gum. Beheda is also an important medicine found here.
The species composition of different layers of habitat is given as follows:
Overwood : The top layer comprises of Teak and its associates such as Anogeissus latifolia, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia, tomentosa, Boswellia serreta, Lannea coromandelica, Madhuca longifolia, Dalbergia paniculata, Albizia lebbeck, Diopspyrous melanoxylon, Pterocarpus marsupium, Chloroxylon swietenia and sparsely scattered trees of Dalbergia latifolia, Bombax ceiba and Adina cordifolia are also seen.
Syzigium cumini and Terminalia arjuna are found along large water courses, river banks and river beds.
Underwood :  Comprises of Emblica officinalis, Grewia tiliafolia, Careya arborea, Gardenia turgida, Cassia fistula, Gardenia resinifera, Acacia catechu, Butea monosperma, Ziziphus glaberrima, etc. Bamboos occur sparsely in the valleys.
Shrubs : Helicteres isora, Flemingia bracteata, Calycoperis floribunda, Ziziphus oenoplia, Flacourtia indica. Carrisa carandus, Woodfordia fruiticosa, etc are commonly found.
Grasses : Apluda mutica, Degitaria spp. Heteropogon contortus, Themeda quadrivalvis, Cynodon dactylon, etc. usually occur on the ground flora along with many other less prominent grass species.

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Overwood Underwood Shrubs Grasses
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Climbers
Weeds Herbs Epiphytes

Fauna

Aside from around 65 of the keystone species Bengal tiger, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to other mammals, including: Indian Leopards, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Nilgai, Dhole, Striped Hyena, Small Indian Civet, jungle cats, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Chital and Chausingha.
Tadoba lake sustains the Marsh Crocodile, which were once common all over Maharashtra. Reptiles here include the endangered Indian python and the common Indian monitor. Terrapins, Indian star tortoise, Indian Cobra and Russel's viper also live in Tadoba.
The lake is an ornithologist's paradise with a wide diversity of water birds, and raptors. 195 species of birds have been recorded, including three endangered species. The Grey-headed fish eagle, the Crested Serpent Eagle, and the Changeable Hawk-Eagle are some of the raptors.
Other interesting species include the Orange-headed Thrush, Indian Pitta, Crested Treeswift, Stone Curlew, Crested Honey Buzzard, Paradise Flycatcher, Bronze-winged Jacana and Lesser Goldenbacked Woodpecker. Warblers and the black-naped blue flycatcher exist here and the call of the peacock may often be heard.
74 species of butterflies have been recorded including the pansies, monarch, Mormons and swordtails. Insect species include the endangered danaid egg-fly and great eggfly. Dragonflies, stick insects, jewel beetles and the praying mantis are other insects located in the reserve.

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33 Species of mammals 20 Species of fishes 164 Species of Birds
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30 Species of Reptiles 75 Typs of Butterflies 54 moths and other Insects

Map of Tadoba Reserve

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